Institutional Policies That Support The Evolved Nest

Additional Information


Paid Parental Leave. Paid parental leave will allow parents to be responsive to the ongoing needs of their young children, preventing the toxic stress that arises from babies left alone, to cry or in stranger daycare.

All nations should provide paid parental leave for at least a year, if not longer, so that parents can focus their full attention on bonding and building responsive care based on the needs of the child. Several European nations are effectively implementing this practice (Pew Research Center 2016).  

 Government supplementation of quality child care would reduce worker turnover. Free market systems do not work properly for this service as most parents cannot afford the cost of a highly educated and trained caregiver who provides quality care. Teachers also struggle within the profession due to unsustainably low wages.


Community Education about the Evolved Nest. Many parents and communities have forgotten what babies need for healthy development. The new research on epigenetic effects of experience on wellbeing must be widely disseminated.


The 2013 book, Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development (Edited by Drs. Darcia Narvaez, Jaak Panksepp, Allan Schore & Tracy Gleason) suggested that researchers do the following: 

(1) Establish a baseline for evolved human functioning; 

(2) Examine current epidemic problems in light of evolved, expected care (e.g., anxiety, depression, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome); 

(3) Examine the effects of the missing evolved and expected care on health and immunity, including cancer (e.g., vagus nerve function) 

(4) Establish a national database on the relation of early experience to mental health.

(5) Establish a research initiative focused on how the missing evolved, expected care may affect mental health at all ages.


The 2013 book, Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development (Edited by Drs. Darcia Narvaez, Jaak Panksepp, Allan Schore & Tracy Gleason) suggested that professional organizations do the following: 

  • Formulate policy statements on parenting.
  • Formulate policy statements on structuring society and institutions to support children and families.


National Workplace Breastfeeding Resources

Break Time for Nursing Mothers Law. See the Center for Worklife Law's extensive study into the limited provisions of this law.

EXPLOSED: Discrimination Against Breastfeeding Workers. This first comprehensive report on breastfeeding discrimination reveals widespread and devastating consequences for breastfeeding workers.

United States Breastfeeding Committee -See a full list of the federal law, provisions and FAQs here.

The Business Case for Breastfeeding. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HRSA).  Worksite lactation support information and toolkit for employers and employees.

What Employers Need to Know – US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Women’s Health 

State Level Workplace Breastfeeding Rights – US Department of Labor

Investing In Workplace Breastfeeding Programs and Policies, from the National Business Group on Health

Creating a Breastfeeding Friendly Workplace Strategy, A Toolkit for Employers

Paid Family Leave Resources

Connecticut Permanent Commission on the Status of Women

Report of the Family Medical Leave Insurance Taskforce

National Parternship for Women and Families

Expecting Better (2014)

2014 Leave Legislation

2013 Family Leave Legislation

2012 Family Leave Legislation

Family, Sick and Parental Leave Laws